A place to belong: ageing at home. A reflection for the International Day of Older Persons.  

Whenever I am with a group of people who come from outside Scotland one of the commonest questions I get asked – as I am sure we all do – is “Where do you come from?” I have to confess it is a question I have often struggled to answer and have probably given contradictory and different replies over the years.

“Where do you come from?” might simply be a request for geographical birthplace origins but it is so much more.

For me the answer is I was born in Glasgow and lived there in my formative years, then returned again as an adult. But as I walked the streets of Partick, or learnt academic lessons at Gilmorehill, or experienced life’s lessons through the delights of the city’s west end, there were undoubtedly times when I felt ‘at home’ but I’m not sure I ever felt it was the place ‘where I was from.’ That for me is the place where you feel that you truly ‘belong.’

Belonging is an intriguing concept. It can be the space that you call home, the physical bricks and mortar that offers shelter, security and nurture. But it can often be the place that yearns deep within you. For me it has always been closer to the places I sense in my blood – most especially Skye where my parents came from, where I spent every holiday, I had up until my twenties, and where even today after months and months of absence makes me feel different when I arrive there. And lest you think I’ve swallowed a dose of romantic escapism – I don’t think belonging necessarily is always positive or comfortable it can also be a place that unsettles, contradicts and challenges- but it is through all that a place that pulls you into itself and which possesses a magnetic irresistibility. Memory of place can both heal and hurt.

The role of place and the nature of belonging in our character and personality has long been recognised to be of psychological significance. Where we are born and where we live matters on so many counts; where we feel we belong aids our wellbeing and this is perhaps especially true as we age and grow older.

Tomorrow is the annual United Nations International Day of Older Persons. It is a day when we are all encouraged to think about key issues for older age across the globe but most especially in our own communities and nations.

One leading organisation, the Centre for Ageing Better, has chosen this year to focus on the integral role of older people to their place, and the importance of place to ageing well. Like many age-friendly organisations their work is in part grounded in their knowledge and awareness that the place where we live has a huge impact on our wellbeing as we age. So this year they are focussing on the need to celebrate ageing in our community’s past, present and future.

As they state:

‘This year’s IDOP theme encourages people to get curious and be proud about your place; to come together across age-groups to discover your place’s past, to celebrate the diverse range of people and places making yours a great place to age, and to commit to make changes, so more people can enjoy good later lives in your community – now and in the future.’

The ageing-in-place agenda posits that the preferred environment for older adults to age is in the community, where they can remain active, engaged, socially connected, and independent.

So how are we doing? Are we helping people to stay in place? What are we doing to make our streets and communities really inclusive of older age? This is both about the physical and built environment but also about attitudes which include, value and recognise the contribution of older age citizens.

Yesterday I walked through the city centre of my old ‘home city’ Glasgow and by my personal assessment it is not a space that is truly inclusive. Pavements which appear to prioritise cyclists but confuse citizens as to where they should walk or be; on street shop display boards that challenge someone who uses a wheelchair or who has a visual impairment; graded and stepped areas which are an invitation to slips and falls; and pedestrian crossings requiring the speed of a Usain Bolt to get across in time. A frantic, busy commercialism that seems detached from the patience and pace required to support customers living with dementia or simply with the frailty of growing old. Now I don’t want to be banned from entering Glasgow – I could just as easily have mentioned Edinburgh, London or Newcastle. The cities I’ve been in recently simply do not strike me as having prioritised ageing in place.

I think we could and should do so much better. If we are going to take ageing in place seriously we have to recognise as a whole society that we have a long long way to go. And it makes both societal and economic sense not least as the relative disposable income and spending older citizens dwarfs any other age group. But put simply our city centres have excluded themselves through urban planning which has not been age aware or sensitive.

Our population is ageing and in a decade its composition will be very different from what it is today. We need civic leaders to take ageing seriously and not as an afterthought; to create urban communities that foster belonging and equality.

But we also need there to be a wider political recognition that ageing in place with all the benefits that brings to the citizen and to the wider health economy does not just happen by accident but it has to be adequately resourced. It’s not just the physical environment that discriminates against older age.

The stripping out of funding for community based third sector groups; the lack of sustainable support for homecare organisations which foster continued independence, and the hollowing out of support for respite and older persons day resources and services are making it an uphill battle for older people who want to continue to belong to their place to remain where they want.

As the Centre for Ageing Better make clear:

‘ simply changing the built form is not sufficient to create a more inclusive environment for ageing since places are more than physical spaces. Viable environments are articulated through a strong sense of place, defined as the social, psychological and emotional bonds that people have with their environment. A strong sense of place results from having access to supports for active participation, opportunities to build and sustain social networks, and assuming a meaningful role in the community. In contrast a feeling of displacement or ‘placelessness’ is associated with alienation, isolation and loneliness, often resulting in adverse health and well-being outcomes, particularly amongst vulnerable older adults.’

Being able to age where you want should be a fundamental right of citizenship in our communities or we are at risk of creating ghettos of demography.

We all of us need to be given the tools and resources which enable us to belong in the space we choose to be.

This place has grown old with me, its ground has held my feet, its grass has cradled my belonging, its hills have nurtured my hope; its rivers have soothed my dreaming; its streets echo with the laughter of memory, its doors open up to new conversation; it’s where I want to become young in my older age.

Donald Macaskill

Photo by George Hiles on Unsplash

Inclusion happens when you use your hands: a reflection.

I have been thinking a lot in the past week about inclusion and what really makes people feel that they belong, are valued, heard and taken seriously.

I am fortunate in that for the last six years I have served as a Director on the Board of a UK non-profit organisation called the National Development Team for Inclusion (NDti). NDTi states in its own self-description that as an organisation and group of people that they ‘want a world where everyone matters.’ And that their ‘work helps create opportunities for independence and choice for everyone…(their) passionate and committed team raises aspirations and outcomes for children and young people at risk of exclusion, people who have a learning disability, autistic people, older people and everyone’s mental health and wellbeing.’

Having witnessed so many of the amazing cutting-edge programmes and pieces of work undertaken at NDTi, I can attest to the truthfulness of the mission statement being worked out in action. At the heart of what they do is the emphasis on inclusion, on ensuring that those ‘on the edge’ do not drop out of our perception or disappear from our notice. It is also the sense that inclusion does not just happen by accident but through determined focus, action and energy. The recognition that we live and work in a diverse world, where difference is celebrated and valued is one thing. But inclusion is more than the recognition of diversity, it is positive action and active steps taken to enable all to be valued, heard and given a place and space so that power can be held and choice exercised.

This coming week across the United Kingdom employers and many organisations will be thinking about what it means to include people who work in their organisation or indeed what it means to deliver services and supports that are fully and truly inclusive. That is because National Inclusion Week 2023 runs from the 25th of September to the 1st of October. It is a week run under the auspices of the organisation Inclusive Employers which is the UK’s first membership organisation for employers looking to build inclusive workplaces. Their work is well worth a look.

They get to the heart of inclusion and indeed talk of inclusion when they state:

‘Inclusion is a broad subject and is a term that trips off the tongue of many. However, people have different understandings of what the word means.

Cambridge Dictionary’s official definition for inclusion is:

“The act of including someone or something as part of a group, list, etc., or a person or thing that is included.”

Simply put, inclusion in the workplace is about ensuring that everyone feels valued and respected as an individual.’

I used to deliver a group exercise when I was a freelance trainer years ago in which I asked people what it meant to them to feel that they were included. They went beyond dictionary definitions to talk about feeling valued, being heard and listened to, being noticed and having a sense of importance; of not being rejected when they made mistakes or were not behaving as well as they might wish; they spoke of people seeing beyond labels, stereotypes and reputations. Most of all they spoke about feeling that they ‘belonged.’ But they time and time again commented upon the truth that inclusion was not easy, it had to be worked for and often that task took many years.

It is maybe a happenstance of timing that today is also the United Nations International Day of Sign Languages. There are few groups or individuals who are more excluded from our communities than those who are deaf or hard of hearing.  In 2018 I wrote a blog  called The Right to be Heard about the experience of so many who were receiving care and support from social care services but whose hearing issues and challenges were not always recognised or prioritised. Indeed, it was then and still is now clear to me that as a whole society we do not work sufficiently hard to include those who are deaf or hard of hearing, and that that lack of priority worsens when people age and get older.

I said then:

‘To be excluded because you cannot communicate, to be shut out because people do not understand, to be ignored because you are not valued and recognised … that must surely be real emptiness and abandonment.

Yet that is precisely what the day-to-day experience of tens of thousands of our fellow Scots feels like every single minute of every day. They are excluded because we have created a distance which separates them from us and us from them. We have failed to hear and allow people to be heard and thus the distance has grown into a divide.

I have, to my shame, only recently become as fully aware of the enormous extent of hearing issues facing the population of Scotland. The fact that in Scotland 40% of the population over the age of forty, 60% over the age 60 and 75% over 75s experience some sort of hearing difficulties I was wholly unaware of.’

The United Nations states that according to the World Federation of the Deaf, there are ‘more than 70 million deaf people worldwide. More than 80% of them live in developing countries. Collectively, they use more than 300 different sign languages. Sign languages are fully fledged natural languages, structurally distinct from the spoken languages.

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities recognises and promotes the use of sign languages. It makes clear that sign languages are equal in status to spoken languages and obligates states parties to facilitate the learning of sign language and promote the linguistic identity of the Deaf community.’

More recently I have come across some amazing examples of sign language poetry and deaf poetry which as genres are emerging into mainstream poetic appreciation and are very dynamic in form and style. They are poetic expressions in a language rarely understood which speak to issues of exclusion and discrimination. Whether as employers, as providers of care and support, as citizens and members of communities, as friends or family, we all need to become more aware of the glorious diversity of sign language and the inspiration which is ours to receive from those who are deaf and hard of hearing. Inclusion for all does not just happen it needs to be worked at , it is a task of both hand and heart.  All this is brilliantly expressed in the poem ‘My Hands’, by Stevie Drown:

Then I looked into the mirror and
Saw the good this looking back,
I had to take the positives–
Put them on the right track.

I thought a lot about it
And now i want to shout,
The wondrous gifts God gave me
Outnumber what He left out.

So let me take the challenge
In meeting life’s demands–
I have the power to change things,
And it lives here in my hands

For a wider discussion of poetry and sign language poetry see  American Sign Language (ASL) poetry (lifeprint.com)

Donald Macaskill

Photo by Sharon Waldron on Unsplash

Give me your hand: the season for dementia priority.

I’ve been thinking a lot about dementia this past week in no small part because Thursday (21st) is World Alzheimer Day which is an annual opportunity for the global community to reflect on the extent and impact of Alzheimer’s and all dementias upon our lives and on those around us.

I’ve spent the week at meetings including opening talks on re-shaping the cost model for care homes, as a member of the Alzheimer Scotland Long Term Care Commission, as a member of the Reference Group involved in drawing up Scotland’s next palliative, end of life and bereavement strategy and visiting a Glasgow homecare provider celebrating its 10th anniversary. In each and every one dementia has been in my mind.

On the edge of one such encounter I started to chat to Jane. She spoke to me this week about her husband whose Alzheimer’s is getting progressively worse. He was very unsure about venturing out, had lost a lot of confidence and his moods were increasingly unpredictable. Jane like countless thousands of family carers was knackered. She remarked that her husband when they went out nowadays always said ‘Give me your hand …’

Any parent reading that phrase will doubtless remember, as I do, the changing pattern of hand-holding which is the mark of childhood progressing into age. To begin with in nursery and early primary school there was almost an automatic nature to hand holding. A small hand patterning the need for reassurance and comfort would reach out to take yours. The sense of touch and comfort infused both. Then as the years went by the suggestion that not holding hands when others were about eventually gave way to dropped hands and ‘adult’ non-contact accompaniment which in turn disappeared as independence made parental walk redundant.

I was reminded of all this as Jane spoke to me about how her husband now reached out to hold her hand, to seek comfort and reassurance, to search for safety and the known in the troubling which a disease like Alzheimer’s brings to those who live with it and who love through it.

Give me your hand …might well be the call of those around Scotland living with today with Alzheimer’s disease. An invitation made to national Government who must surely start to right the wrong which has inflicted thousands whereby they have to sell all they own to ensure their loved ones are looked after in a care home. The Alzheimer Scotland campaign for fairness and yet the words of many like me continue to fall on deaf ears and unresponsive political reaction.

And lest my usual critics reply that self-funders are getting ripped off – the reality is by all independent assessment the true cost of nursing home provision in a nursing care home is around £1200 to £1400 which coincidentally is what most local authorities charge self-funders. Yet the rate the State pays is only £888.50 for a week of nursing care and £762.62 a week for residential care. If nothing else only £126 a difference when nursing is 24/7. Those doing the alleged ripping off are our political leadership of all colours and in most contexts.

Give me your hand … might well be the call of those frontline care staff promised £12 an hour by our First Minister in April 2023 and then told 20 weeks later that they would eventually get it from April 2024. Many are trained specialists in dementia care and support and hundreds every month are leaving the world of social care because of the perceived sense of devalue. Comparisons are rarely helpful but as one dementia carer said to me two days after the First Minister said wait till April the Scottish Government announced a pay increase for the police of 7.5% (and well deserved I’d say!) but far from having to wait till next April it’s being backdated to last April! That is economic and budgetary decision-making which prioritises some over another – simples!

Give me your hand …might well be the sentiment of those who are meeting yet another new carer in their home because the provider organisation that delivers the care and support either cannot recruit and so has to use agency staff or is stretched so thin that continuity and continuous care – so important for someone living with dementia – becomes impossible.

Give me your hand …might well be in the minds of those who live in care homes and all their families as yet another care home gives notice that it needs to close because of the inadequate level of public funding – the valued and excellent Erskine charity is having to shut down part of its provision. And yet central Government states it is not its issue but that contractual arrangements are between local government and providers. An ignoring of fiscal truth and public duty if ever there was one.

Give me your hand … might well be in the minds of the wider population as the Census returns this last week highlight the fact that over the last decade that the older age population in Scotland has grown by nearly a quarter. Let’s celebrate that reality of longer living rather than proffer talk of burden and challenge – but at the same time as we value later life living let us make sure that those who live with dementia in later life in Scotland can belong to a society and nation that really walks the talk of equality and human rights rather than pay lips-service to its most valued citizens in their older age.

Give me your hand is one of my favourite poems of Iain Crichton Smith who I often mention here. It describes the changing seasons of love and loss and might well be a descriptor of the autumn of living that many who live with Alzheimer’s go through. I hope as we travel through this autumn that somewhere sometime somehow our leaders in the civic realm will reach out a hand to hold up those who desperately need it and who live with all dementias.

Give me your hand.

Give me your hand.
The autumn has come.
We will walk under the trees in the one light that

is single as steel.

The trees are without crowns.
They have lost their silks.
The queens have left us.
They are without gowns, naked to the weather.

Give me your hand.
The cold has come.
You will feel in your bones that shiver of zero,

that posthumous kingdom.

The trees are like thermometers shining and

No sap is seen in them.
The sap has descended into the earth.

Give me your hand.
We are like children in an old story written by

Hans Andersen in the autumn.


Taken from ‘Modern Scottish Gaelic Poems’, Canongate Press, 2009.

Donald Macaskill

The alienation of older age: the time of older age has come.

I am writing this a few hours after the end of the Global Ageing Conference which has been taking place in Glasgow over the last few days. The event was held under the auspices of Scottish Care, the National Care Forum and the Global Ageing Network. It brought together hundreds of individuals from close to 50 countries to explore issues of aged care and support, ageism, technology, sustainability and so much more. The debates and discussions were lively, and challenging.

Yesterday morning there was a particular focus on human rights and participants were privileged to hear a presentation from Dr Claudia Mahler, the United Nations Special Representative on the Enjoyment of all Human Rights by Older Persons. I was shocked to learn that the role of older person’s rights was so marginal in the world of the United Nations. I had known that age was not mentioned in the UN Declaration of Human Rights now 75 years old. I had also known that there was no distinctive Convention (as there is for disabled persons or children) to protect the rights of older people, but what I did not know was the limited extent of current day priority for older person’s rights. Indeed, Dr Mahler noted that only 0.5% of recommendations from the United Nations directly related to older people. To be frank this is both shocking and appalling given the proportion of older persons in the population of most countries across the world.

The previous day attendees were inspired by a presentation on the challenge of age and the potential of older age by the distinguished thinker and strategist, Prof Sir Geoff Mulgan. I have already referred to Geoff Mulgan’s work in this blog. In his opening remarks Geoff Mulgan spoke about the way in which the city of Glasgow had been transformed over the years since his first contact with it in the 1980s. He suggested that this was evidence of the way that change can happen but perhaps not always overnight or in the short term. In doing so he remarked on hearing the inspiring words of the trade unionist, Jimmy Reid and his speeches. Prof Mulgan’s reference made me look again at the work of Jimmy Reid, not least his famous Rector speech.

Jimmy Reid was a shop steward at the Upper Clyde Shipbuilders (UCS), and as such he opposed the proposed withdrawal of subsidies by the then Conservative government. This would have led to the closure of most of the business and the loss of 6,000 of the 8,500 employees. A work-in resulted which was an alternative to the withdrawing of labour during a strike.

Reid was elected as Rector of Glasgow University by the then student body in October 1971 and delivered a famous speech in 1972. It became an overnight success after it was published by the New York Times and is considered one of the greatest of all political speeches. Based as it was on the Marxist idea of alienation. One famous passage lamented the “scrambling for position” in modern society and stated that the “the rat race is for rats. We’re not rats. We’re human beings”.


Reid spoke about the way in which the working people of the yards and city ahd been alienated from the political leadership of the time; how the poor had been alienated from the exercising of their rights and that this was a denial of their humanity and equal dignity.

I hesitate to suggest that had Reid been delivering his speech today he might have used the language and framework of human rights to make broadly the same observations. But in truth I do think that there is at present an alienation of older persons from civic and popular society, not just in Scotland but elsewhere.

A survey carried out by Age Scotland and published in the last few days showed that more than two-thirds of older Scots “do not feel valued” by society, evidencing a sharp increase in the number of older people feeling that life has got worse for them. Two-thirds of people over the age of 50 said they don’t feel valued by society, up from 51% in 2021 to 66%, and more than half (56%) felt life in Scotland was getting worse for older people, up from 34% in 2021. These are depressing and alarming statistics and reflect badly on Scottish society and our political leadership.

I think there is validity in saying that older people are increasingly feeling alienated from the society and communities in which they find themselves. The prevalence of ageism and age discrimination, its societal and cultural acceptance and normalising speak to the heart of our current human rights debate.

Those who framed and shaped the original human rights legislations and frameworks emphasised the inherency of dignity as the starting point for a consideration of being human in relationship with others. But how can you feel a sense of dignity or experience worth and value if you are alienated from all that grants those sentiments and feelings to you? How can you hope to be heard and understood if you are denied voice and action? How can you make your presence felt and your needs known, if you are excluded and granted no presence?

That is why I believe that internationally the time has long since come for there to be a United Nations Convention on the Rights of Older Persons, in order for all governments and public or private bodies to be held to account for actions or inaction. That is why I believe that the time has come in Scotland for us all to support the campaign for an Older Person’s Commissioner.

‘The time for older age has come’ was the comment of one of the delegates from India who spoke this week. Alienation only ends when justice and equality regardless of age, class or circumstance sits at the heart of our being in relationship with one another.


Donald Macaskill


A waiting game of disrespect: a summer of failure.

Next week brings the return of the parliamentary process in both Scotland and Westminster. Our MSPs will come back together after a summer of book festivals, talk shows and podcasts to govern our nation, make decisions, vote on legislation, and develop policy. September 5th may not be the most exciting date in most of our diaries but the relevance and importance of the next few weeks and months for social care in Scotland cannot be underestimated.

We have had an intriguing summer in the world of social care in Scotland. Regular readers of this blog will have been following the failed attempts by Scottish Care and our care home and homecare provider members to influence the Scottish Government to come true on promises made. But just in case the issues have not been front and foremost in your mind here is a quick recap.

On the 18th April in his first major address to the Scottish Parliament the First Minister Humza Yousaf indicated that it was his intention to pay frontline social care workers £12 an hour but that it could not be yet.

He said:

“We are also committed to improving social care services and to reducing delayed discharges. I know well the workforce challenges that the adult social care sector, in particular, faces. That is why I will commit to a timetable that sets out how this Government will get to £10 an hour for adult social care workers. Although we are not able to afford to do that immediately, I want to send a signal to the sector that we are absolutely serious about improving pay and terms and conditions for those who care for our most vulnerable people.” (Scottish Parliament, Official Record)

He later corrected the error to make it £12 an hour.

We then saw a period of delay, dither and disinterest. Scottish Care and others have spent the summer trying to get a timetable out of the administration. We didn’t manage it in relation to the National Care Home Contract. We didn’t manage it in relation to the failing care at home and housing support organisations. All we have been told is that civil servants and ministers are searching for the monies. That it is a lot of money to find in order to value social care staff I am in no doubt, but they seek it here, they seek it there, and no one can seem to find it anywhere.
In the meantime, the Agenda for Change settlement has started from the 1st April which has now created a massive 19% plus gap between new care worker entrants into the NHS and those coming into third and independent sector social care. In the meantime, we have had a new settlement for dentists and additional funding for community pharmacists. In the meantime, we have had a settlement to the dispute with junior doctors. And still the care sector waits – the signal of being ‘absolutely serious about improving pay and terms and conditions for those who care for our most vulnerable people’ has grown so faint it has become invisible to see.

Can you imagine a Health Secretary or First Minister making a statement that we are going to pay junior doctors or nurses £X amount and then say but we will need to find the money first – just you hold on – and then take 19 weeks (and counting) and the promise has not been fulfilled or come to life? I think not.

Now all of this may come to fulfilment with a pronouncement ex cathedra in the Programme for Government when it appears in a few day’s time. But to be honest the damage is done. Women and men have been leaving the care sector to go elsewhere – and who can blame them – the signal of value and respect – has well and truly been lost; and there is not a hope in the proverbial we will get them back. The damage has also been done by this Government’s inaction to the morale of the frontline women and men who have bust a gut over the last few years – who go out in all weathers to care and support, who put others first and foremost rather than last and forgotten and yet 19 weeks after a promise, despite campaigns and messaging, they seem to count for nothing.

This past week as part of our friends at CCPS’s Four Steps to Fair Work campaign we saw over 400 church leaders sign a statement which amongst other things called for the immediate establishment of £12 an hour for frontline carers across all social care services, not just adult social care. This is a remarkable volume of voices committed to ensuring that social care is valued in Scottish society. In the words of the Moderator of the General Assembly, the Rt Revd Sally Foster Fulton,

“As people of faith we have a calling to honour care and service….Dignity and respect for others is at the very heart of the faith message… We have the Gospel imperative to look after each other. This includes paying the workers fairly.”

Media stories on the issue this week had a standard Scottish Government response which firstly said that carers have received increased pay in the last year – undeniably true but in a cost-of-living crisis and when everyone else is receiving a lot more than 3.8% this level of self-congratulation is offensive. The second observation from Government was that carers in Scotland are better paid than in England – come on. Again, true but a comparison with mediocrity is nothing to be proud about and to be frank is again offensive to our frontline carers.

An old Highland headmistress of my knowledge who would have been 140 years old if alive today once wrote:

“Respect as a word is easy because all you use is your mouth, but to put respect into action requires you to use your heart.”

This has been a summer of disrespect to social care frontline staff. Words and rhetoric are easy and empty; meaningful and respectful action has been as missing as a Scottish summer heatwave in these last few weeks.

So, First Minister and Health Secretary. I hope you find the money, but more than that I hope you start to really understand social care and start to respect the amazing women and men who work at the frontline, manage services, provide the resource and ideas to give Scotland its rights-based person-led social care delivery.

In keeping with our ecclesiastical theme, here is a poem about respect which has more than a ring of truth in these days for those of us in the world of social care. It is ‘The Nightingale And The Glow Worm,’ by the 18th century English poet William Cowper.

A Nightingale, that all day long
Had cheer’d the village with his song,
Nor yet at eve his note suspended,
Nor yet when eventide was ended,
Began to feel, as well he might,
The keen demands of appetite;
When, looking eagerly around,
He spied far off, upon the ground,
A something shining in the dark,
And knew the glow-worm by his spark;
So stooping down from hawthorn top,
He thought to put him in his crop.
The worm, aware of his intent,
Harangu’d him thus, right eloquent —
Did you admire my lamp, quoth he,
As much as I your minstrelsy,
You would abhor to do me wrong,
As much as I to spoil your song;
For ’twas the self-same pow’r divine
Taught you to sing, and me to shine;
That you with music, I with light,
Might beautify and cheer the night.
The songster heard his short oration,
And, warbling out his approbation,
Releas’d him, as my story tells,
And found a supper somewhere else.

Hence jarring sectaries may learn
Their real int’rest to discern;
That brother should not war with brother,
And worry and devour each other;
But sing and shine by sweet consent,
Till life’s poor transient night is spent,
Respecting in each other’s case
The gifts of nature and of grace.

Those Christians best deserve the name
Who studiously make peace their aim;
Peace, both the duty and the prize
Of him that creeps and him that flies.


Donald Macaskill

Photo by Siim Lukka on Unsplash

The ageing of design: beyond functionalist benefit.

I am sure I am not the only person who is fascinated by the worlds of art and design. I have always admired and appreciated the skills of individuals who are able to take their visions and mould them into visible objects and ideas, whether they be visual artist or sculptor, architect, or designer. As is evident by a groaning bookshelf I have changed my own appreciation of what I find interesting and enjoyable in the world of art and design over the years. From a fairly traditionalist stance a couple of decades ago I then discovered myself every few weeks in London for a few days and I decided to get a season ticket to the Tate galleries. Gradually over time I not only began to love the galleries in London but also the exhibitions of modern art and design which they displayed. By deliberately exposing myself to artists, sculptors, and designers who I might previously have dismissed out of hand I fostered a new appreciation and enjoyment.

When it comes to the worlds I now inhabit, those of older age and social care, design plays an exceptionally important part. There has been in Scotland over the last few years remarkable work undertaken not least by the Dementia Services Development  Centre in Stirling University (based in the Iris Murdoch Building) in increasing the awareness and appreciation of the role of design in the provision of high quality care and support for people living with dementia. Many care homes have benefitted from the lessons around layout, colour, tactile awareness, and design which have been developed over the years. There are also numerous architectural practices around the country that are really pushing the boundaries around accessible design for people who might live with disabilities and have mobility restrictions and for the ageing population as a whole. Their work needs to be celebrated and applauded and I am looking forward in a couple of weeks to hearing and seeing exemplars of innovative design at the Global Ageing conference.

This is a critical issue and is intrinsic not only to improving personal wellbeing but also to enhancing real preventative care and support. We spend around 90% of our time indoors, in buildings that are often not supporting our health and wellbeing. A place can heal and re-energise but it can also drain and empty us, and that is not just true of those buildings we describe as ‘sad.’ There is real importance in what has come to be called wellness architecture and design.

But despite the obvious sparks of innovation and real progress there are around Scotland I do bemoan the narratives around ageing which seems to act as brakes and limiters on innovative design for older life.

One such is the ever prevalent if not growing conscious and unconscious discrimination around older age. This last week I heard someone use the hackneyed meme of viewing our ageing population as a tsunami about to hit us. I heard people talk about how we can control the tide of an increasing number of older people and prevent it from overwhelming services. I heard others reflect on what we can do about the ‘problem of there being so many older people in the future.’ Everywhere you look and listen there is a suffocating negativity around older age and that infects the worlds of design as much as anywhere else. Indeed I still remember working a couple of decades ago with an architect’s practice in central London and delivering equality training when the partners proudly informed me that they were not in the least bit ageist. As I looked around the group of around 200 designers and architects sitting before me not one was over the age of 50!

Ageism in the worlds of art and design has to be challenged and addressed. There are lots of laudable efforts around age inclusivity in design, not least the Royal College of Art’s Design Age Institute (www.rca.ac.uk ) but they have to be much more appreciative of the reality that an older age population is developing some of the most radically innovative approaches to design challenges. I think of the amazingly original industrial designer Ayse Birsel who is challenging ageism by presenting real older age innovation. She recently wrote Design the Long Life You Love: A Step-by-Step Guide to Love, Purpose, Well-Being and Friendship.  For Birsel, it is critical that the design world draws on the insights of older age and she argues that longer life is a real opportunity for innovation.

Discrimination and lack of appreciation of the contribution and capacity of older age has to be addressed in part by ensuring the voice of older age influences design but also by addressing the stereotypes of age which many folk, however well intentioned, may still possess.

For instance, if architecture is a manifestation of the most public form of art, then we dare not restrict it to designing environments which are simply more accessible for people as they age. Ageing is not solely about decline and deterioration; it is not just about making sure environments are accessible (though that is critical), there has also to be space for the ideas and inspiration of older designers and artists to contribute to the creation of a new built environment.

Further if product design is to capture the imagination and energy of the person who uses the finished article regardless of their age it must be more than simply usable and functional. So much of what passes as age sensitive design in relation to products is certainly great in its accessibility, its appreciation of visual and aural changes and restrictions, and awareness of the divergences of colour as people age. But in truth so much of it is boring and dull and lacking in any life and vitality. Ageing may restrict visual capacity, but it does not result in the removal of joie de vivre, a loss of the imaginative spirit or simply enjoyment in life.

Designing for an ageing population should not be simply about thinking about the worlds of care and support, about limitation and accessibility, about decline and diminishment. It should be about a continual pushing of the boundaries of spirit to ensure that older age is celebrated. The fact that most of us do not slip off our mortal coil in our fifties as our predecessors did is something to celebrate not to sit and mourn over in dour distress.

Design at its best removes the word old from the vocabulary of the creative. It is truly intergenerational in its appreciation that what works for one age should speak to another. We need inclusive intergenerational design.  And at its heart all design that I have enjoyed over the years sought to go beyond functionalist benefit to demonstrate the value of enjoyment and even adoration.

There is something about the impatience of older age which demands not to be caged and restricted even by accessible and well-intentioned design in this poem by Maya Angelou,

On Aging

When you see me sitting quietly,

Like a sack left on the shelf,

Don’t think I need your chattering.

I’m listening to myself.

Hold! Stop! Don’t pity me!

Hold! Stop your sympathy!

Understanding if you got it,

Otherwise I’ll do without it!

When my bones are stiff and aching,

And my feet won’t climb the stair,

I will only ask one favor:

Don’t bring me no rocking chair.

When you see me walking, stumbling,

Don’t study and get it wrong.

‘Cause tired don’t mean lazy

And every goodbye ain’t gone.

I’m the same person I was back then,

A little less hair, a little less chin,

A lot less lungs and much less wind.

But ain’t I lucky I can still breathe in.

On Aging by Maya Angelou – Famous poems, famous poets. – All Poetry

Donald Macaskill

photo by Med Badr Chemmaoui on Unsplash

How ready for Winter are we? An Autumn reflection.

My late mother used to say that the seasons changed when the schools went back. With the passage of time, I have come to realise the truthfulness of such observation rather than to dismiss it as I once did as the fruit of Highland pessimism. As Scotland’s schools have returned or are just about to, the seasons do indeed seem to be changing. The days are getting shorter, the summer bedding plants are dying back, and there is a slowing of nature as it begins to get ready and prepared for colder times.

It is therefore maybe not surprising that next week along with colleagues from across health and social care I will be attending a workshop session to explore winter preparedness. Last year was a very challenging time for many who worked in, delivered and importantly those who used social care and health services. So, it is very necessary for planning and preparation to take place early in our autumn. But just how ready are we for the weeks and months that lie ahead? I want to reflect in this blog, briefly, on where we are at in the world of social care in Scotland as we start to move towards the winter.

Covid 19.

To all intents and purposes, for the vast majority of the public in Scotland Covid has disappeared from both thought and consciousness over the last few months. Its fear and hold have been burnt back by the summer sun. Indeed, at the end of the month the current practices around testing of health and social care staff will stop altogether unless someone is being discharged from a hospital into a care home. Though there is a rider that testing will happen for individuals if there is a clinical need.

But of course, for those of us working in social care Covid has never disappeared. It is still here and the casual dismissal of its impact by some ill serves those for whom its impact remains significant. There are countless thousands of Scots who are immune suppressed and who are struggling to lead ‘new normal’ lives because of their fear of catching a potentially damaging virus if they interact with a society where protections and mitigations are minimal. Indeed, for those individuals the very dismissal and denigration of their desire to protect themselves has made themselves even more fearful of social exchange.

In addition, there are tens of thousands of our fellow citizens for whom Covid has had a lasting potentially life-long impact because they are living with the consequences of Long Covid. I cannot imagine there is anyone out there who does not know someone living with Long Covid. And for those who simply and dismissively say catching Covid is just like getting the flu (though when did getting the flu become such a casual happenstance) then I would ask when did you hear of tens of thousands with ‘Long Flu’ or permanent damage from the flu affecting thousands? Indeed, the negative impacts of frequent infections of Covid are increasingly being researched with not a little scientific and clinical concern in some early studies. Covid is not ‘just’ the flu by any stretch of any imagination.

As we move into autumn this last week there has been a much increased media coverage about whether or not there has been a growth in Covid cases over the last period and whether this is something we should be concerned about. In truth this is hard to determine when there is no real community surveillance, but we do know that the World Health Organisation continues to identify new variants. One such is EG5 or Eris and even more recently BA2.86 which was identified first in Israel just last week and is already causing some anxiety as to its rapidity of spread. Not surprisingly new variants will keep coming. What is important is whether they will escape the vaccine and community protection which the majority have at the moment. The BBC related the levels of Covid in a good piece this past week  in Should we be worried about Covid this winter? – BBC News  .

But anecdotally I am coming across many more friends, family and colleagues who have Covid or have recently had it. (If only we had decent community tracking!). The data we do have is mixed but does seem to show an upward trend which is a concern given that this is early August. Data reported on the 17th August on the Public Health Scotland database indicated that there were 183 people admitted to hospital described as acute Covid admissions. This was up from 139 the week before. This meant that there were 219 people in hospital with Covid19 on the 13th of August compared to 166 the week before. According to data from National Records of Scotland reported on 17th August there were 17 deaths involving COVID-19 in the preceding week (to the 13th). This is an increase on previous weeks. The Care Inspectorate reported that in terms of the number of Covid outbreaks in the week to the 15th August there were 39 care homes which was 17 more than the previous week and is 4% of all homes reporting. This is a 3% increase in a fortnight, and I hope is not a developing trend but anecdotally one is hearing of more staff off ill with Covid which is also reflected in their data stating that for the care homes which reported to the week ending the 15th August with Covid here were 108 staff absent which is 0.3% of the workforce from those 60% of homes which reported. A fortnight before this was 47 staff – so a doubling in absence rates.

As someone who looks at this data on a weekly basis there is clearly an impact from new variants and what appears increased transmission. It makes the roll out of the winter vaccination programme all the more critical for all who are eligible. What I think is a concern is the potential impact of a bad flu season on top of Covid19. Last winter we avoided a bad flu impact in part because of a more effective vaccine.

So even if we are able to step up our Covid and respiratory response there is likely to be a continued pressure on a health system which is already under strain and on a social care system and workforce which is in a worrying state.


The health and morale of our workforce is a key issue for winter preparedness. Obviously, absence due to Covid is a matter of concern for any person working in social care. But we are already in a situation where the workforce in social care is, I would contend, at its lowest ebb. I will not rehearse again the immense disappointment felt by frontline workers and organisations around the failure of the current Scottish Government to come good on their promise to pay frontline staff £12 an hour. We still do not have an indication of a timeframe for this despite the promise being made in the spring. What has happened since is what we all knew would happen and that is a haemorrhaging of frontline care staff from independent and third sector organisations into both better paid public organisations and the NHS, and even more worryingly out of the health and care sectors in entirety. Like many I was pleased with the news of a few days ago that our junior doctors had settled their dispute, but even this news makes frontline social care staff feel yet another kick in the teeth. What must happen for the promise of increased remuneration to become more than a political soundbite and instead to be a promise fulfilled?

Last year was very challenging for the organisations I know whether care homes or homecare providers, regardless of them being charitable or private. It was very hard to hold onto staff and even harder to recruit in such a high employment and competitive environment. With the fact that NHS colleagues are now getting paid so much more than social care it will be harder still. The gaps were plugged at huge cost last winter using agency staff, but even agencies are struggling to recruit.

But more than the issue of pay is the issue of regard and value. I have lost count of the demoralising conversations I have held over the summer with frontline care staff who simply do not feel valued. We are a lifetime away from claps on a Covid Thursday night.

Sustainable services

Alongside a demoralised workforce social care provision in Scotland has never faced the extent of financial instability it is now enduring. Given that in Scotland so much provision is delivered by smaller organisations this has left them susceptible to very real risks not least because of the ongoing cost of living crisis and the lack of external and public investment in care and support. I have a very real concern that to keep their heads above the water and because of a lack of frontline staff that social care providers, whether care homes or homecare organisations, if called upon to increase capacity and response in the weeks and months to come, have done previously.

We are already witnessing a level of care home closure and a reduction in bed availability the like of which no one I talk to can remember. More and more care homes, if they can, are making the decision not to admit residents funded by the National Care Home Contract because it is simply not sustainable. In terms of homecare more and more hours are being handed back because they organisations cannot afford to deliver them at what they are being paid. More recently the level of late payments and cash-flow issues are having a profound impact on small homecare organisations. Social care is a sector whose fiscal fragility should send alarm bells ringing.

Whole system thinking.

What matters most to people at any time of the year not just winter is that they remain at the centre of all our planning and preparedness in the weeks ahead. The challenge of these days is not about numbers and statistics, but about what the experience of every individual is. I have written many times in this blog that getting through a winter (or any season) is not ‘just’ about delayed discharge, or making sure that the acute sector hospital flow is operating well, or even discharging people to be supported in their own home through models like hospital at home. It is all that, of course, but it is also critically about preventative care and support; intervention upstream that delays decline and enables people to remain independent for as long as possible. Too much of our focus (both in terms of media and politics) is on one part of the health and social care system at the cost of the whole. Investment in social care and homecare in particular would massively re-right that imbalance.

In general terms then I am very concerned about the capacity of an already stretched system in health and social care to respond to whatever the winter brings us. If we use the obsessive media metric of delayed discharge our numbers are very high for the time of year. According to the latest published data at June 2023 census, 1,738 people were delayed. The high point of November 2022 was 1,977 people delayed. Our hospitals are working at levels which after such a long period of maximum occupancy are exhaustive.

The risks of the following season are clear from rising Covid and other respiratory conditions, a tired, exhausted and devalued social care workforce, a failure to invest in the social care system as a whole, and in my viewpoint a myopic focus on one part of the system rather than the whole. This is all made worse by the stripping of funding and support from many communities and third sector organisations which has left our neighbourhoods ill prepared to support their citizens. Added to this the immense pressure placed upon the army of unpaid and family carers over the last few years has led many to the brink of being unable to continue and this is not helped by the voids and gaps in respite day support and opportunities.

There is, however, no shortage of talented committed individuals across the whole of Scotland willing to make the difference, working hard to get things right. There are plenty of innovative ideas which are being put into practice and implemented across the country to make sure that the experience of citizens is as positive as it can be and literally that lives are saved and enhanced. We all know planning is critical but planning only works with honest appraisal of the environment around you and if the adequate tools and resources are made available in order to get the job done. Planning only works if the analysis (which most agree on) and the solutions and interventions (around which there is much agreement) are enacted upon. I hope by working together rather than in siloes we will not only get through these coming weeks but thrive but all of that doesn’t just depend on collaboration, critical through it is to have everyone pulling in the one direction, it also depends on political and societal leadership and making hard fiscal decisions which for me means starting to prioritise social care. If we get social care right this autumn we will all get through the winter.

Donald Macaskill


Photo by Aaron Burden on Unsplash

Ageing is for all ages: a reflection.

I was chatting to my 9-year-old daughter the other day about the Global Ageing conference and events which are coming to Glasgow in a few weeks. She turned to me and asked, ‘Are there going to be young people and children there?’ I replied that there were sessions on inter-generational work but I wasn’t sure if there would be children. Her retort was ‘Ageing is for everyone not just old people. Children are ageing.’ Out of the mouths of babes ….

Because of course, she is right. The way we age is for all generations and years. And yet I am made to reflect on the extent to which both in policy and practice we are not always inclusive of the perspectives of the young when we consider ageing. Have we made ageing just the preserve of the middle and older generations? If the saying that youthfulnes is too important to leave it to the young is true, is it also true that older age is too important to be left to those who might think of themselves as old?

I continue to be shocked by what I see and read on social media about attitudes to older age in particular. Even this past week when responding to the news that there were increases in the rate of Covid19 in some parts of the UK one person on ‘Twitter’ or is it X, stated quite openly that it was positive as it would remove more old people and thus reduce the pressure on the NHS!

We have a long way to go before we create a society where all ages matter and are valued and treated with dignity and respect. Our humanity and our lives should not have a use by date stamped on it dependent upon another’s perceived sense of value.

Today is the United Nation’s International Youth Day. This is an annual event to celebrate younger age and is not unlike the similar event to recognise the value and contribution of older age held on the 1st October each year. This year’s theme is

Green Skills for Youth: Towards a Sustainable World. It is a recognition of our global transition towards an environmentally sustainable and climate-friendly world. As it states ‘a successful transition towards a greener world will depend on the development of green skills in the population. Green skills are “knowledge, abilities, values and attitudes needed to live in, develop and support a sustainable and resource-efficient society”.

All ages can, I suspect agree and applaud such a statement.  I hope that International Youth Day will as always enhance its message. But whether it is this year’s theme or any other it is not a campaign or destination that will succeed or be reached by the young alone, any more than any campaign of an older age group or day can be successful without the voice, presence, and contribution of the young. So why do we consistently act as if we are all on different journeys?

We have come a long way from a situation where it was believed that engaging with young people in the aged care sector was about the quarterly visit of primary school children into a care home to entertain and perform (though there is nothing wrong with that!). The work of organisations like ‘Generations Working Together’ has shown us that real inter- or multi- generational work is not to consolidate the cultural stereotypes of age but to challenge them. The young child visiting a care home has so much story and vision to share and the older resident has so much creativity and innovation to commence in the dialogue between the ages. One is not passive and the other active. There must be a mutuality of understanding that each generation, each person has as much to learn and share, to receive and give as the next.

Organisations like GWT have a vision, which in their case is ‘to live in a Scotland where different generations are more connected, and everyone has the opportunity to build relationships that help to create a fairer society.’

This is about moving and breaking down the barriers of ignorance and stereotype, priority and policy which can present blocks and stop the generations from working together.

So, whilst it is always going to be important that we challenge discrimination where one group is treated more or less favourably than other – and that still exists in our society in relationship to age as the older you are the more likely to be the victim of discrimination you become – we need to expend as much priority and resource upon  inter-generational working.

Ageing belongs to everyone – it is not just the preserve or focus of one demographic group. What do the young say about what it means to age? What does ageing mean to the youth of today? Well that is inevitably a very individual question but one thing we know is that there is a library full of research papers and reports that show that people who view the ageing process in a positive manner and as something to enable them to achieve their potential and dreams tend to enjoy much better health into their later years than people who think about ageing as decline and deterioration, frailty and loss of independence. A positive attitude around ageing benefits us both physiologically and emotionally. If we think positively about growing old, then we live longer – it is as simple as that!

In the face of such overwhelmingly clear research around being positive about ageing, it would also have to be admitted that the cultural stereotypes about older age still dominate and perhaps have become even more consolidated.

Ageing really is for everyone – it is the business of our whole society not just to challenge negative attitudes and behaviours (which remains critical) but to start to celebrate, value, appreciate and herald older age and ageing. My nine-year-old is absolutely right and I hope by the time she reaches ninety she will belong to a community and a nation where all generations celebrate together as well as on their own days for youth and older age.

I agree with the positivity of the Argyll based poet Rebecca Pine:

Old Age

I have, I think, most organs that
I started with. Some shaped by time
foreshortened, elongated, dulled.
I keep at bay time’s passage with the thought
this must I do, this might I do, this ought.
Thus never having nothing on my slate
I draw a little, dance a little, write;
and sometimes in the middle of the night
think splendid thoughts which trickle down
to verse. While opera and music still delight;
there’s history and nature to explore
and conversation with the worldly wise,
I’m washed by tides like pebbles on the shore.

Old age! Old age?
I’m sorry sir, I fail to recognise
the title on the page.

Old Age by Rebecca Pine – Scottish Poetry Library

Photo by Paolo Bendandi on Unsplash

Donald Macaskill

A horizon beyond our own.

I read recently that both because of the cost-of-living crisis but significantly because of the severe environmental changes which we have witnessed across Europe this year that the way in which people spend their holidays is likely to change. The argument stated was that it is likely that fewer people will chose to go abroad and spend time outside their own country. This has long been an issue for citizens of the United States where only 37% of people hold a passport and an even smaller proportion of that have left their country but it is not something we have witnessed in Scotland or in the UK as a whole. The journalist who was reporting these factors questioned whether or not the lack of people going abroad from Britain would result in a change of attitude and behaviour towards other countries. He opined about whether or not people would become more insular and perhaps dismissive of the perspectives, views, and attitudes of others. Is there a risk we will lose an internationalist perspective?

Internationalism is at the heart of the Scottish character. It is that conviction that we become better, we mature and grow as individuals and as a nation, when we look beyond the horizons of our own knowledge, experience and world to explore elsewhere, include all and to learn from others. It has been a characteristic of Scottish identity from the earliest of times and has enriched our nation and communities.

As many of you will be aware my own organisation Scottish Care together with the National Care Forum will be hosting the Global Ageing Conference to be held in Glasgow from 6-8 September. A lot of work has gone into creating an event which will bring some amazing international voices to Scotland to reflect, share and inspire on issues relating to the care and support of older adults in the years to come. You can find details and sign-up opportunities on the website at Global Ageing Conference 2023 (globalageing2023.com).

As one of those involved in the planning and delivery of an international event, I have been spending some time reflecting on the nature of internationalism not just in general but for the world of social care in specific and I want briefly in this week’s blog to reflect on a few issues and themes that have arisen about working internationally and the diverse perspectives that come to bear when being involved in such an experience.

I have already stated above that in wider society in the United Kingdom there seems to be a growing trend in part because of circumstance but also because of changing attitude away from internationalism and international approaches. Some of the comments I hear in relation to social care go along similar lines. I have heard the statement that ‘everyone is different, so I am not sure that the perspectives of others in other countries have much to teach me and the way I work or deliver support and care.’ Undeniably it is true that every community and society works and acts differently, equally true it is one of the principles of social care that we should always have at the centre of all our work and relationships the peculiar and particular needs of the individual (person-centerdness) but it is I think naivety in the extreme to suppose or imagine that circumstances both in terms of an individual person or a community are so unique and distinctive that there are not lessons to be learnt, perspectives garnered and insights to be explored from contexts and communities very different from our own. Indeed, the last couple of years has taught me personally that in Scotland we have an astonishing amount to learn about a whole host of areas from perspectives and communities very different from our own, whether it be insights on community engagement and person-led approaches to care from Singapore, innovative approaches to dementia from India, or the empowering and skilling of the care workforce in Africa. The loss of a sense of internationalism whether in social care or society in general is a real risk because it impoverishes and risks the development in its place of narrow parochialism and negative nationalism.

A second point I sometimes hear is that when there are times of very real challenge then one should concentrate and focus on the issues to hand and not invest in either the future or in exploring new approaches, ideas, and models wherever they may come from. The risk of such a perspective is once again that a community or a person becomes insular, narrows the vision of the possible to that which is known, and creates a future solely from inside their own mind or experience. It shrinks the world to their own backyard. It means that we are not open to be inspired by others, prepared to accept that what or the way we do things might not be the best or end point, and that there could well be insights and imaginations from elsewhere that could literally change our world. Of course, there are very real challenges in investing resource into exploring new approaches and possibilities, but it strikes me that to draw the horizon of the future so close to your own experience, risks a very limited perception of what is possible in our living.

One last observation I have about what I fear is a loss of internationalism is that faced with so many challenges that as organisations, communities, and individuals we need to expend our energies on those challenges alone and not to seek to take on new work or activity. Concentrate on the now and leave the bigger issues or threats to others. Personally I consider that such a turning your back on the questions and answers of another is very risky. It is a perspective that believes it is possible to confront global or shared threats alone. The very opposite is the case. Whether it is the challenge of environmental and climate threat, the shared challenge of safety and defence, or in my world the shared challenges of how do your recruit and retain a workforce in social care; what approaches and models of care and support will people want in their older age in 10, 15, 20 years’ time; how do we meet the threats to our society brought about by dementia, delirium or any other condition – then all of these yes could be challenged and addressed on their own, within Scotland – or far better they can and should be addressed by a shared international collectivism.

There is, I believe, an importance if not an imperative in being challenged and unsettled out of our own situation and context by people who do things differently, whose insights are not ours and whose discoveries may not be those of our priority. There is a strength to be gained by the solidarity which comes from an internationalist perspective, an energy created by the inspiration and imaginations of others, and an adventure to be discovered when we move beyond the horizons of our own knowledge.

In a few weeks’ time I hope (and know) when the Global Ageing conference and its week of events comes to a close I will as will all those who have taken part, have been inspired, moved, enriched and challenged by the people I will have met (from at this stage 40 countries around the globe), and the conversations I will hold, and the experience of realising that my world and perspectives are not the only ones when we face global issues and shared concerns.

Any international event changes you for the best and I really hope that as a society in Scotland, never mind the world of social care, that we will not go down the path of withdrawing from others in the belief we can be or are best alone. One of the very earliest poems I heard and explored as a child at school is printed below. It is one whose insights I keep learning. I will be renewing my passport when it comes time to do so next year!

‘No Man is an Island’

No man is an island entire of itself; every man

is a piece of the continent, a part of the main;

if a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe

is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as

well as any manner of thy friends or of thine

own were; any man’s death diminishes me,

because I am involved in mankind.

And therefore never send to know for whom

the bell tolls; it tolls for thee.


MEDITATION XVII, Devotions upon Emergent Occasions by John Donne

Photo by Anthony Cantin on Unsplash

Donald Macaskill

The power of friendship.

Tomorrow is International Day of Friendship which was created over a decade ago by the United Nations to underline the critical importance of friendship to human well-being and to society.

As the UN stated when the day was established our world is a complicated place, but it is a place where friendship is probably more important than ever. The idea of having a day to celebrate friends originated from Hallmark (the card folks) in 1919 and was intended to be a day for people to celebrate their friendship by sending each other cards. But by 1940 it died out completely.

It wasn’t until 2011, that the United Nations officially recognised 30th July as International Friendship Day, even though many countries celebrate on the first Sunday of August.

According to the International Friendship Day declaration, people are invited to “observe this day in an appropriate manner, in accordance with the culture and other appropriate circumstances or customs of their local, national and regional communities, including through education and public awareness-raising activities.”

Friendship makes a real difference to people. The United Nations underlines that amongst other things that friendship enhances emotional resilience helping people through good and bad times. Research has shown that even spending just 10 minutes with friends can boost your ability to solve problems and your brainpower. And it helps you sleep and makes you healthier.

Regardless of all the research most of us know that having a network of friends brings real benefit to us. I sometimes wonder with all our focus on social media whether our virtual networks evidence the same depth of friendship that our physical ones do. That said I know that during Covid technology rescued, fostered, and encouraged friendships.

As you age and grow older it can become harder to maintain friendships. This can be the case for lots of reasons, whether due to moving to s new location at key stages of older age and losing networks you had built up or not being able to be as involved in the community and socialising less frequently perhaps because of ill health or even affordability.

Friendship has to be worked at and I remember speaking to residents in a care home some years ago who had become low in mood because though their families visited they had over time lost touch with friends in the community who after some time had stopped visiting. The home manager took it upon herself to undertake a ‘friend’s audit’ during which she discovered who people were describing as ‘missing friends’ and she had colleagues purposefully and over time re-created connections and the benefit to individuals was visible to see. They always had an open door to the community but now the community was much better at supporting those who had chosen the care home to be their place of residence.

I’ve written before about the impact of loneliness in our communities and even in your own home people can over time become isolated through loss of contact with friends. Good social care used to be as much about enabling friends to be in touch, connecting people in ‘social ways’ than just personal care needs. Friendship and its maintenance has tremendous preventative health benefits if only we resourced and prioritised it adequately.

The poet Jackie Kay wrote these words about friendship over a decade ago.

“The Scottish poetry Library asked me to pick a favourite Burns poem and write my own version. A tall order! A big ask. I decided to go for a short poem. I love John Anderson my Jo-in two perfect wee stanzas it tells the story of a lifetime’s marriage and even imagines a kind of togetherness in death…

But I wanted to write a poem that celebrated friendship; so many poems celebrate romantic relationships. So I took the idea of a friendship over the course of a lifetime, imagining that we’d been friends as girls, Ali and I, and that we still will be friends as old women. I couldn’t quite manage the two short stanzas, so I went for three instead! I pronounced fiere -feeree, not fear; the latter is the correct pronunciation but I liked the ee ending since it afforded me more rhymes, and also sounds more like friend to me, dearie fiere. But I was also thinking about what makes us who we are, and that if it weren’t for the friends that we meet along the road, the chance, happy meetings and the ones that feel fated, we would all be very different. Friends shape and carve your life, opening doors, alerting you to possibilities, giving you sustenance and belief. Not just a shoulder to cry on, a rock to fly off. You choose your friends. The gift of a deep friendship goes to the very heart of who you yourself are. It’s hard to imagine how you would get through any challenge, separation, bereavement, disappointment, embarrassment, without your fine fieres.’

I do hope people will give some time to think of those they have lost touch with and to try to reconnect on this International Day of Friendship. I also hope that groups and individuals in our wider community consider those in our midst who are in need of being reconnected of indeed in need of befriending.

I’d encourage you to read Jackie Kay’s poem but my own favourite friend poem is one that equally captures the truth that true friendship just creates a space that allows you to be. It’s written by the poet, physician and scientist Norman Kreitman who died in 2012.

Fishing With Norman MacCaig

Each time I called for him he was perfectly ready,
equipment checked and in smooth order,
pared to essentials. And I, cluttered with gadgets,
would clatter behind as he led the way downstairs.

In the boat, as befits a sedulous angler,
he was taciturn, though between essential words
he would give that courteous, gentle smile
that was his signature, before his gaze returned

to the contemplation of the water. And when
in his own good time he hooked a trout
he’d eye it dispassionately, as one whose life was spent
retrieving silver from all the elements of Scotland.

Fishing With Norman MacCaig by Norman Kreitman – Scottish Poetry Library

Donald Macaskill

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